Culture and people of Egypt
Egypt has an area of 1,001,449 km ² and 83 million inhabitants (as of June 2011). The capital, Cairo, is home to around 20 million inhabitants.
The written language is modern standard Arabic, and the spoken language is Egyptian Arabic, the most common dialect in the Middle East. Foreign languages that are widely used, especially in tourist areas, iinclude English, and German and Italian.
About 90 percent of Egyptians are Muslims (of which 99 percent are Sunnis, and 1 percent Shiites), about eight percent are Christian (of which 91 percent are Coptic Orthodox, and 4.5 percent Coptic Catholic). Two percent belong to other religious communities.
The local currency is the Egyptian pound (EGP). (Give the current exchange rate here.)
Egypt is a republic with a presidential regime. The parliament was dissolved after the downfall of former President Hosni Mubarak in February 2011. New elections are scheduled for November. Following the resignation of Mubarak, the Supreme Council of the armed forces under the command of Field Marshal Mohamed Hussein Tantawi took over state power. Since March 2008, Essam Sharaf is Egypt's prime minister. New presidential elections are also scheduled for November.
During and after the revolution, the riots and demonstrations have been limited almost exclusively to the metropolitan centers of Cairo, Alexandria and Suez. The tourist areas along the Red Sea were not affected. In the tourist areas, the vacationers felt nothing from the fact that the country is in a phase of democratization and is under military rule.
Source: German Federal Foreign Office